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Female Circumcision as Sexual Therapy: The Past and Future of Plastic Surgery?
In Chicago, a physician with offices on Michigan Avenue offers clitoral unhooding today for $1,000 (plus operating room fees). His intention? To more easily enable a woman to reach orgasm. Clitoral unhooding falls under the larger category of female genital cosmetic surgeries (FGCS), surgeries that are reportedly becoming more popular among women and physicians. Some physicians, even those who don’t perform FGCS, see them as part of the future of plastic surgery.
The assumption is that these surgeries don’t have much of a past. In fact, there is a long history of surgeries on female genitals—especially on the clitoris—as “sexual enhancement” for women, designed to help them achieve their “proper role” as sexual partners. Over a century ago, another Chicago physician also removed clitoral hoods of women, also as therapy to enable them easier orgasms. The use of female circumcision since the late 1800s to treat a woman’s lack of orgasm reveals a medical understanding of the function of the clitoris as sexual—an understanding held decades prior to the physiological evidence supplied by William Masters and Virginia Johnson.
Understanding the sexual nature of the clitoris and its importance to female sexual pleasure, some physicians have, for well over a century, diagnosed a condition of the clitoris as the physiological cause for a woman’s failure to have an orgasm with her husband. These physicians thus treated the lack of an orgasm in the marital bed as a sexual disorder treatable through surgery.
By removing the clitoral foreskin, some physicians (as well as non-physicians) thought the clitoris would be more exposed to the penis during penetrative intercourse, and would thus receive direct stimulation from the penis. Physicians performed—and some women or their spouses sought out—female circumcision in order to maintain (or conform to) the sexual behavior deemed culturally appropriate for white, U.S.-born, middle- to upper-class women: orgasm with their husbands.
In the United States, the first documented use of female circumcision as a sexual enhancement therapy occurred in the late 19th century, appearing at a time when the espousal of female orgasm during marital sex was increasingly seen as an important component for a healthy marriage. Physicians performed female circumcision to help married women who wanted—or whose husbands wanted their wives to have—orgasms during martial sex.
Practitioners who removed clitoral hoods to enable female orgasm included Chicago gynecologist Denslow Lewis, who presented evidence for the benefits of female circumcision at a meeting of the American Medical Association in 1899. In “a large percentage” of women who failed to find marital passion “there is a preputial adhesion, and a judicious circumcision, together with consistent advice, will often be successful,” according to Lewis. Lewis had treated 38 women with circumcision, and had “reasonably satisfactory results in each instance.”
This procedure continued to be used to treat women for their inability to orgasm throughout the 20th century. In 1900, Chicago gynecologist A.S. Waiss wrote about removing the clitoral hood of Mrs. R., a 27-year-old woman who had been married for seven years and who was “absolutely passionless,” something that greatly upset her. Her unresponsiveness troubled her, or her husband, enough for her to seek a medical remedy. The doctor found Mrs. R.’s clitoris “entirely covered” by its hood. He circumcised the clitoris and the patient “became a different woman”—she was, the doctor wrote, “lively, contented,” and “happy,” and sex now brought her satisfaction.
In 1912, Douglas H. Stewart in New York City saw a “fairly robust woman” who, though desirous for sexual intercourse, when the act was attempted found “there ‘was nothing in it.’” Upon examination, Stewart found the clitoris of the patient to be “buried” and preceded to circumcise the woman to reveal the organ.
Charles Lane, a physician in Poughkeepsie, New York, believed the clitoris “a very important organ to the health and happiness of the female,” and performed circumcision on women who were unable to reach orgasm. In a 1940 article concerning his use of circumcision on a patient—Mrs. W., a 22-year-old woman who had recently married but had yet to experience an orgasm—Lane noted “that little trick did it all right.”
And C.F. McDonald, a physician in Milwaukee, noted in a 1958 article that women who complained to him of difficult or painful intercourse often had a clitoris hidden by foreskin. To reveal the organ, he removed the foreskin, with “very thankful patients” as the reward. McDonald operated in the 1950s—during the height of the Freudian vaginal orgasm theory, a theory that held healthy and mature adult women had vaginal, not clitoral, orgasms—suggesting clitoral circumcision as sexual therapy did not stop; indeed, by some accounts, more women underwent circumcision at mid-century to surgically increase the potential for orgasm than at any earlier time.
Physicians, both in print and at medical society meetings, discussed that “little trick” for decades. By the 1970s, information about the usefulness of female circumcision to enable female orgasm during penetrative, heterosexual sex began to appear with more regularity in popular publications as well, with information about the surgery as a sexual enhancement appearing in books such as The Consumer’s Guide to Successful Surgery.
Magazines, too, including Playgirl and Playboy, ran stories about female circumcision. Playgirl carried two stories by Catherine Kellison, who wrote about her circumcision and how orgasms were easier for her to attain after the surgery. The gynecologist who removed her clitoral hood told Kellison that an estimated three-fourths of women did not reach orgasm because of a hooded clitoris, and that circumcision was the surgical solution to this condition. The doctor told Kellison that she would likely benefit from having her clitoral hood removed, and, after undergoing the procedure, Kellison wrote that she did find orgasms easier to attain following the surgery.
While estimating how many American women underwent female circumcision since the late 19th century is not possible—it was a quick procedure, most often performed by physicians in their clinics—evidence of its use can be found indirectly through insurance reimbursement for it.
In May 1977 the insurance company Blue Shield Association recommended that its individual plans stop routine payments for 28 surgical and diagnostic procedures considered outmoded or unnecessary. Of the 28, one was removing the hood of the clitoris. While this information is not translatable into an actual estimate of how many women elected to have their clitorises circumcised, it suggests the procedure was at least popular enough to warrant the discontinuation of paying for it by an insurance company.
In addition to Blue Shield Association, others have labeled the procedure as not medically indicated, with some being even more critical of the assumptions underlying the use of it as therapy to treat a lack of female orgasm. Feminists interested in women’s health began questioning female circumcision as a surgery for purported sexual enhancement in the 1970s as part of their larger critique of the medicalization of the female body and the feminist embrace of the clitoris as an important sexual organ for women.
More recently, women’s health activists with the New View Campaign in the United States protested practitioners of FGCS and launched a website to educate the public about the diversity of female genitals.
Similar to the New View Campaign, both the popular media and academics have weighed in on what the apparent “rise” in these surgeries means about the female body, female sexuality, and the role of medicine. Some academics have further challenged these procedures for the lack of evidence that such surgeries increase female sexual capacity and that women should feel the need to correct their bodies in order to enjoy sex rather than to, for example, change sexual positions or techniques.
In addition to academics and feminist activists questioning the procedures, medical practitioners have also raised concerns about the lack of established medical need for clitoral unhooding and that there is no evidence that female circumcision, along with the other procedures comprising FGCS, are safe. Indeed, in 2007, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommended practitioners not perform female circumcision or other FGCS, since the promotion of FGCS as sexually enhancing was not based on empirical evidence, nor were the surgeries medically indicated.
But while feminists and some medical practitioners since the 1970s have been publicly questioning the physiological basis for female circumcision as a sexual enhancement surgery, the surgery today, like a century ago, continues to be performed as an effort to enable women to have a clitoral orgasm during penetrative sex.
Arabic cocks don't get to fuck any Swedish girls. Even prostitutes refuse. First generation immigrants don't mind. But their sons just hate Sweden. They can be recruited as terrorists. Nothing to lose anyway.
'Paedophile hunter' feels no guilt for Harlow man's suicide following online grooming sting
A self-styled paedophile hunter says he feels no guilt over the suicide of a man caught on camera allegedly attempting to meet up with a 14-year-old girl.
Christopher Wood, who goes by the name of Catfish the Hunter to ensnare suspected sex offenders and groomers, has come under criticism for his actions after the death of Harlow man Terry Hurford.
Posing as a teenage girl online, Mr Wood says Mr Hurford agreed to meet what he thought was a young girl.
Mr Hurford took his own life three days after being arrested on suspicion of grooming.
"I see what I do as a duty," said Mr Wood.
"I meet the people and upload the videos so that other people can see what these guys are doing and so they can keep their children away from them.
"I know that what I'm doing is 100 per cent within the law but a lot of people think it is morally wrong.
"My heart is in the right place and I'm trying to do some good."
Mr Wood, a 23-year-old father-of-two, first created his fake profile as a 14-year-old girl just four months ago, following a move from Yorkshire to Essex.
He adopted the alias of Catfish the Hunter and quickly amassed a large social media following.
"The area I moved into wasn't the nicest," he added.
"I have got two young children myself and at first, I would let them play out a bit, but quickly, I had a lot of people telling me to be extremely careful because a lot of sex offenders got released back into that area.
"In Huddersfield, I felt safe where I lived and never had any of these concerns, but in a completely new place with all these rumours, I tried to do some research.
"There was nothing at all I could find about convicted sex offenders and we as parents, have a right to know who we should be safe-guarding our children from.
"I could become friends with my next door neighbour and they could be a sex offender without me knowing."
Mr Wood took to patrolling chat websites and dating site Badoo in the hope of attracting predators, but is adamant that what he is doing is not entrapment, and he always waits for the man to make the first move.
"Badoo is an over-18s website, and obviously a lot of people would say that children would not go on something for over-18s, but it's totally false.
"When I have been on there, one or two of every ten people you come across would be 14 or 15.
"You have to be 18 to smoke or to drink, but children do that underage, and there is no security on those websites at all.
"The guys will always ask me questions first, and I will reply."
While he currently estimates that he is in conversation with up to 20 men, some of them "for weeks and weeks at a time", by far his most high-profile case was that of Mr Hurford, who was filmed meeting Catfish after driving from Harlow to Canvey Island in the early hours of the morning, allegedly planning to meet a 14-year-old girl.
He was at arrested at the scene on suspicion of grooming when police were called to Thorney Bay Caravan Park in Canvey Island.
Three days later, after being released on bail, he hanged himself.
And while Mr Wood sympathises with the 44-year-old's family – and two young children – he stands by his controversial methods.
"I have had people on the Facebook page calling me a murderer, saying I should be hanged," he added.
"I really do feel sorry for his family, but I don't feel like I'm guilty for whatever happened to him and what I'm doing is with a good heart.
"I didn't instigate the messages, I didn't instigate the meeting, and I didn't instigate his suicide.
"As much as I never comprehended anything like this happening, I hold myself to the highest professional standards I possibly can.
"I feel awful for his two children; I have children myself and I can't comprehend how difficult it will be for them growing up without a father."
Two videos of their encounter, in which Mr Wood questions Mr Hurford on his intentions and relays their online conversations, were uploaded to the internet on May 28.
And since Mr Hurford's death, Chris took to the Catfish page to hold an online question-and-answer session in an attempt to justify his actions.
"He drove miles from Harlow in the totally opposite direction to meet up with a 14-year-old girl," he said.
"Why would he drive 40 minutes out of the way to meet someone who he didn't know? He wanted to make sure that it was a real girl he was meeting up with.
"I can't say for sure what he was going to do, but I know what I believe he was going to do.
"What bothers me is when people come on Facebook and comment, when they have only heard the wrong side of the story.
"I want closure so the family can have some closure.
"What happened was a tragedy but Terry had problems.
"His death has made me think long and hard about what I'm doing. I don't feel any guilt over what happened, but I certainly don't want it to happen again.
"What happened with Terry Hurford really shocked me, but I do believe I'm what I'm doing and what I'm saying."
While he has vowed to carry on seeking to expose alleged sex offenders across the county, Chris, who lives in Canvey Island, is willing to make some concessions to avoid a similar scenario unfolding in the future.
"I'm going to keep on uploading the videos but I will blur the faces until they have been through the courts and been found guilty," he said.
"The police are bound by red tape and entrapment laws so I'm not going to stop doing what I'm doing; I'm not doing anything illegal or wrong.
"When I was 14, if anyone wanted to contact me, they would ring my home phone or come and knock on my door, so my parents knew exactly who I was speaking to.
"Now, 12 and 13-year-olds are on the internet so anyone in the world can influence that child, with grooming or indecent messages or images."
Mr Hurford's family declined to comment when they were approached by the Chronicle's sister paper, The Harlow Star.
Essex Police is investigating Mr Hurford's death. Enquiries are ongoing to see if any "third parties" committed any offences.
95 percent of the victims of work accidents are men. Because women are cowards, and just want to rule from behind.
Women very unlikely to orgasm during one night stands
There are higher chances of orgasms when people can have a conversation about them, that happens when they know each other better.
The rise of the internet and social media getting involved in almost every aspect of our life has led to a level of connectivity where meeting more people and finding the right date has become simple. But this has also given rise to a hook up culture where a lot of young people are looking for casual encounters only for a night.
While the right time to have sex in a relationship has been discussed a lot with some going for it on the first date and others getting in action much later, it remains to be seen how pleasurable an encounter with someone you just met can be. A new study takes a look at it keeping the much talked about female orgasm in mind, and reveals that it’s not very helpful.
The survey found that only one in 10 women experience an orgasm during one night stands, while the orgasm gap was evident here as well with 64 percent men climaxing in the same situation. The study said that knowing one’s partner better increases the chances of an orgasm.
The findings suggested that while more men preferred one night stands when they were drunk, the influence of alcohol actually takes a toll on the chances of women getting an orgasm.
Above all having a conversation with the partner is important for an orgasm, and for that both need to have a comfort level where they can talk about what makes them feel better.
Botox weakens muscles. They can't contract. Therefore, when Botox in small amounts is injected into the corpora cavernosa of the penis, there is vasodilation for the vital organ. The result is better, fuller, and longer lasting erections.
One Thousand Cuts… Terrifying Ancient Chinese Torture and Execution Methods
While today we use boring methods of execution so as to preserve the humanity of both the executioner and the executed, back in the day they really didn’t give a shit about the people they punished. In fact, humiliation and suffering were important aspects of torture and execution, and no one did this better than the ancient Chinese. They were highly creative and seriously sadistic in their methods, and liked to do things slow and steady, often prolonging death for days. Below are some of the methods used in ancient China to torture and execute prisoners:
Also known as “slow slicing” or “death by a thousand cuts,” Lingchi involved the removal by knife of flesh from the body in small pieces and small, non-deadly cuts to limbs and torso. After chunks of flesh had been removed from all of the limbs, they were amputated from the living torso. The executioner made sure not to bleed the victim too much in order to prolong death until the final cuts to the throat or heart were made. Lingchi was brutal and slow, and a punishment that carried on into the afterlife, where it was said that a person killed by lingchi would not be whole after death. According to Sir Henry Norman in his book The People and Politics of the Far East, the executioner sliced off pieces by “grasping handfuls from the fleshy parts of the body, such as the thighs and the breasts…then the limbs are cut off piecemeal at the wrists and the ankles, the elbows and knees, the shoulders and hip. Finally the victim is stabbed in the heart and his head cut off.” Lingchi was one of those brutal torture methods that were photographed in the 1800s with the advent of the camera, so there are a lot of scary photos of this one!
Flaying, or the removal of skin from the face or body of a person, was practiced all over the ancient world, but the Chinese were very fond of it. Customarily, it was done with a sharp knife, carefully slicing into the dermis and removing the skin of the face in one piece. Many Chinese emperors and empresses loved flaying their detractors, The Hongwu Emperor in particular – he ordered the flaying of 5000 women in 1396. The skins were either stuffed with straw or nailed to a wall to show off to any potential enemies of the state. I also found a particularly gruesome story about flaying with mercury, whereby the victim would be buried upright to the neck, and have two cuts made in the scalp and mercury poured into them. The weight of the mercury would cause the skin to separate from the flesh, and when the victim writhed in pain they would slip from their skin like a banana from the peel. I couldn’t find anything to back this up, but it sounds awesomely fucking sadistic!!!
Bamboo grows at an insane rate, sometimes feet per day, so the Chinese took advantage of this by using it to slowly kill prisoners in an excruciatingly painful way. The prisoner would be suspended above shoots of living bamboo that had been sharpened to a point. As the bamboo grew, it would slowly pierce the victim’s flesh and grow into their bodies to pierce their organs. Nobody had to get their hands dirty, the bamboo did all the work. I can’t imagine the terrifying feeling of the bamboo pressing into my flesh, knowing that it would inevitably enter my body.
The Wooden Horse
According to the Chinese historical documents known as the Twenty-Four Histories, a woman who was convicted of conspiring to kill her husband with her lover was often punished with a device known as a wooden horse. This was basically just a sharpened wooden stake that she was hung above, with the tip in her vagina, and then she was cut down, allowing the stake to enter her body and pierce through it until it came out the top. Holy fucking hell that is disgusting!!!
The Nine Familial Exterminations
As well as creative torture and execution methods, some Chinese emperors were especially brutal when it came to whom suffered at their hands. The Nine Familial Exterminations is a good example – when a person was condemned for crimes like treason, the emperor may also choose to punish eight other levels of their family, which meant their children, parents, grandparents, siblings, siblings in-law, parents in-law, aunts and uncles, often by a method like lingchi. In one case, that of Fang Xiaoru, a scholar in the Ming Dynasty who refused to write the inaugural address for the incoming emperor, he asked that ten levels be executed, so the emperor also included his students, and executed a total of 873 people.
Chinese men smoke cigarettes, have bad teeth, and a small dick; African men have pimples, diabetes, and a soft dick; but we are most civilized and have a big dick.
Does Reggie Bush Also Think Kim Kardashian’s Vagina Smells?
It looks like Reggie Bush may have cosigned Ray J’s take on Kim Kardashian’s vagina having a putrid odor. HipHollywood came across this image on Bush’s account posted 189 weeks ago, reading: “I know you’re the one because the smell of your vagina doesn’t make me gag.” In the caption, the NFL running back writes: “#LMAO #BecauseYouKnowItsTrue.”
Reggie and Kim dated for several years before calling it quits and marrying other people.
Earlier this week, an eight-year-old interview with Ray J leaked online featuring him also discussing Kim’s private regions and its alleged odor. “I went to the doctor and I asked the doctor, ‘Is it me?’ And he was like, ‘Nah.’ And I’m like, ‘Listen, check me first. OK, I’m good. What’s up with my girlfriend’s coochie? It’s ridiculous’.”
Kanye West has neither denied or substantiated any aroma rumors.
You probably have to look at imagery of death and dying regularly to stay focused on what really counts in life: great sex before you are gone anyway.
‘Scrotox’ Is The New Botox For Guys Who Want To Fix Their Sweaty, Wrinkly Balls
Most of us (unfortunately) have some type of body insecurity. It’s why cosmetic procedures that melt fat away or rejuvenate your vagina not only exist, but continue to grow in popularity.
And now, there’s a new fix to add to that ~beautifying~ list: Scrotox. Yep, it’s exactly what it sounds like… botox for a guy’s balls (or scrotum, if you like anatomical terms).
Now, personally, I don’t really care what a guy’s balls look like. But after scouring the web, I learned that saggy, small, and wrinkly balls seem to be a valid concern for a lot of dudes.
“I know they look like the excess skin from a 60-year-old man who lost 200 pounds way too fast, but I can’t do much about it. There’s no botox for balls,” Cosmopolitan’s male columnist, Cosmo Frank, once admitted about his own pair.
Another dude confessed to Women’s Health, “My penis, balls, and taint are usually marinating in my own sweat throughout the day, which doesn’t exactly yield a lovely floral scent, so I’m always insecure about what a girl will think if/when she goes down on me. All I can do to overcome that is to powder my balls or spray some cologne or Febreeze down there before a big date and then hope for the best.”
Ah, but now there IS something you can do about these problems, guys! Now there is!
As Metro UK explains, Scrotox promises to reinflate deflated and slightly wrinkly balls, reduce the amount of sack sweating, and enlarge the twins’ appearance by relaxing the scrotum muscles.
But the injection is no joke, as it can cost over $3,000 to give your balls a makeover.
Mark Norfolk, Clinical Director of Transform, a cosmetic surgery center in the UK, told Metro that requests for Scrotox at his office have doubled in the past year — even though he doesn’t currently offer it. This matches the trend of more men getting plastic surgery in general over the past 10 years.
But be warned, fellas: Despite its sweat-eliminating and swelling abilities, ball Botox won’t necessarily have a huge effect on the wrinkles or sagging, Norfolk says. So if “lots of loose skin” is what you’re mostly concerned about, you may be better off opting for surgery to get rid of excess skin.
Otherwise, if you’re really insecure about your ball sweat, size, or wrinkles — and you have a ton of cash to spend, as well as a high tolerance for needles in your balls — Scrotox may be worth a try.
I may not kick you out of bed if your balls aren’t perfectly large and baby smooth. But that’s just me.
Men are our competitors. We want less of those around. Women are our prey. We want them poor and helpless.
EUROPE'S HOLY WAR: Continent to be 'DESTROYED by merciless RELIGIOUS conflict'
The coming year and beyond will most likely see bloodshed across the continent as a battle between cultures turns violent.
The prediction of an impending religious war has been made by numerous experts, from the Dalai Lama to the western world's most influential think tanks.
Warnings of religious warfare across the secular continent have come as early as 2006 – years before the migration crisis even began.
American think-tank, the Washington Institute, published a shocking report stating a religious war is looming.
It said: "The Crusades began with a rumour of defilement. In 1095, Pope Urban II denounced the Muslims as 'a race utterly alienated from God'.
"This is exactly how Islam's leaders are demonising the West in the 21st."
It came after millions of Muslims took part in angry protests when a Danish publisher printed cartoons of the Islamic prophet Muhammed.
It argued that the at some point "the crusade" will begin, but this time it "would be a Muslim one" as "its advance scouts are already at work in Europe".
Other think tanks, including European and US-based ones, have also discussed growing Muslim populations in Europe in relation to religious intolerance.
But some of the most explosive warnings have come from prominent religious leaders.
Just days ago, a high-profile Italian archbishop warned that his country and the rest of Europe will "soon be Muslim".
Monsignor Carlo Liberati, the Archbishop Emeritus of Pompeii, apocalyptically predicted the mass displacement of Christian heritage Europeans due to declining birth rates and less public engagement with the church.
Speaking to Catholic journal La Fede Quotidiana, he said: "Parishes are the only thing still standing. We need a true Christian life. All this paves the way to Islam. In addition to this, they have children and we do not. We are in full decline.
"In 10 years we will all be Muslims because of our stupidity."
In May, the Dalai Lama – himself a refugee and known for his charitable and humanitarian views – told a German news outlet that there are "too many" refugees in Europe.
The spiritual leader said the continent and Germany "cannot become an Arab country", adding refugees should only be "admitted temporarily".
And a year ago, Moscow's chief Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt wrote in the Telegraph that "we must realise that we have now entered a religious war".
Their comments came as Europe was hit by the effects of a migration crisis that is on a scale never seen before.
In 2015 alone, well over a million economic migrants and refugees flooded into the continent from countries such as Syria, Afghanistan, Eritrea and Somalia.
Critics of the open-door policy have repeatedly lashed out at European governments, arguing the scale of the crisis have stoked religious and racial tensions.
Across Europe, right-wing parties – particularly those with unfavourable views of Islam – have seen their popularity grow.
In France, the far-right Front National has seen its support triple in five years.
And in Germany, which bore the brunt of refugee arrivals, polls suggest those intending to vote for the Alternative for Germany (AfD) are at their highest levels ever.
In May 2015, the political party declared in its very own manifesto that "Islam is not part of Germany".
Your agenda is clear. Optimal health and great sex at age 100. Be careful with what you put into yourself. Men should follow the Serge Kreutz diet. Women are more disposable and will sooner or later be replaced bylove robots.
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